Weaving Methods of Woven Wire Mesh

Styles, advantages and uses of common weaving methods:

The reason why the woven wire mesh is widely used in different industries is inseparable from the diversified characteristics of the woven method. Due to the different weaving methods, each grid has its own characteristics. By weaving, the mesh of the wire mesh can be 5 microns invisible to the naked eye, or it can be as large as a few centimeters. Through different connection methods of warp wire and weft wire, a variety of weave patterns can be produced, which usually depends on the application requirements.

Plain Weave

The most commonly used is also the simplest weaving method.
The diameters of warp and weft are the same, alternately overlapping each other to form the simplest mesh pattern. Used in most applications.

Mesh Per Inch Wire Diameter (mm) Aperture Width (μm) Open Screening Area (%) Weight (kg/m2)
2x2 2 10100 69.7 3.95
4x4 1.6 4750 56 4.81
6x6 1.2 3030 51.3 4.06
8x8 1 2180 46.9 3.76
10x10 0.6 1940 58.3 1.69
12x12 0.5 1620 58.3 1.41
14x14 0.5 1310 52.5 1.65
16x16 0.4 1190 56 1.2
18x18 0.4 1010 51.3 1.35
20x20 0.4 870 46.9 1.5
24x24 0.36 710 36.8 2.35
30x30 0.3 550 41.7 1.27
40x40 0.2 440 46.9 0.75
50x50 0.18 330 41.7 0.76
60x60 0.16 260 38.7 0.72
70x70 0.12 240 44.8 0.48
80x80 0.12 200 38.7 0.55
100x100 0.1 160 37.9 0.49
110x110 0.09 140 37.1 0.45
120x120 0.09 120 32.7 0.49
130x130 0.08 112 34 0.42
140x140 0.06 120 44.4 0.25

Twilled Weave

The second most common method of weaving.
The weft wire passes above and below the two warp wire to form square holes and diagonally woven patterns that look like twills.
Twill weave can be made of metal wire with a larger diameter than plain weave, which can make the mesh more stable and obtain greater strength, density and corrosion resistance.

Mesh Per Inch Wire Diameter (mm) Aperture Width (μm) Open Screening Area (%) Weight (kg/m2)
150x150 0.06 110 41.9 0.27
154x154 0.065 100 36.7 0.32
170x170 0.055 94 39.8 0.26
200x200 0.056 71 31.3 0.32
250x250 0.04 63 37.4 0.2
265x265 0.04 56 34 0.21
325x325 0.035 43 30.4 0.2
400x400 0.027 36 32.7 0.15
450x450 0.027 30 27.7 0.16
508x508 0.022 28 31.4 0.12
508x508 0.025 25 25 0.15
635x635 0.02 20 25 0.13

Plain Dutch Weave

A tight weave method, the diameter of the weft wire is smaller than the diameter of the warp wire, which allows the warp to be closer to each other, thereby forming a very tight, plain, over and under pattern.
Plain Dutch Weave does not have straight-through, clear openings like plain weave. On the contrary, this weaving method will form a tortuous path through which very fine filtration and particle retention can be achieved. At the same time, it provides many times higher mechanical strength than other common weaving methods.

Plain Dutch Weave is often used in industrial filtration requiring high rigidity mesh.

Mesh Per Inch Aperture Width (μm) Tensile Strength Porosity Theor. (%) Weight (kg/m2) Cloth Thickness (mm)
Warp (N/cm) Weft (N/cm)
120x620 30 145 245 60 0.43 0.14
90x460 41 170 310 61 0.54 0.18
72x380 50 210 375 61 0.67 0.22
60x300 61 265 455 61 0.83 0.27
52x280 70 305 480 61 0.93 0.3
45x230 81 355 600 61 1.11 0.35
40x200 91 405 675 61 1.26 0.4
35x190 103 415 805 62 1.39 0.46
29x150 126 565 905 61 1.74 0.56
24x120 152 690 1120 61 2.13 0.66
21x110 174 770 1265 61 2.44 0.77
18x90 203 945 1495 60 2.89 0.9
14x70 260 1120 1870 61 3.67 1.14
12x64 302 1060 1995 61 4 1.3

Twilled Dutch Weave

A weave style similar to Plain Dutch Weave is made with a twill weave. Weft wire with a smaller diameter is still used, and each weft wire passes through two warp wire, making the mesh proportional to the fineness. Compared with Plain Dutch Weave, the weave is tighter and the filtering effect is finer.

Due to these characteristics, this woven wire mesh is commonly used in heavy filtration applications.

Mesh Per Inch Aperture Width (μm) Tensile Strength Porosity Theor. (%) Weight (kg/m2) Cloth Thickness (mm)
Warp (N/cm) Weft (N/cm)
425x2800 7 100 245 34 0.33 0.06
375x2300 8 150 220 33 0.45 0.09
240x1600 9 300 290 31 0.76 0.14
325x2300 10 160 225 34 0.45 0.09
325x1900 13 155 195 41 0.41 0.09
200x1400 14 225 450 34 0.75 0.14
325x1600 14 165 280 40 0.43 0.09
260x1250 16 170 360 40 0.58 0.12
165x1400 20 185 465 40 0.69 0.15
165x1100 21 190 565 36 0.84 0.17
200x900 27 200 395 47 0.63 0.15
165x800 39 190 360 49 0.69 0.17
200x600 41 185 210 62 0.46 0.15
120x600 45 350 395 51 0.89 0.23
80x700 46 190 790 46 1.15 0.27
120x400 55 270 320 60 0.72 0.23
40x560 88 235 1080 48 1.51 0.37
35x500 94 170 1325 47 1.7 0.41
30x360 121 440 1850 45 2.55 0.59

Reverse Dutch Weave

This weaving method and Plain Dutch Weave method are roughly the same, the only difference is that the warp wire and weft wire are opposite (the diameter of the warp wire is smaller than the diameter of the weft wire). Compared to Plain Dutch Weave, larger diameter weft wire is woven more closely.

Mesh Per Inch Aperture Width (μm) Tensile Strength Porosity Theor. (%) Weight (kg/m2) Cloth Thickness (mm)
Warp (N/cm) Weft (N/cm)
645x130 20 200 500 50 0.85 0.2
324x75 40 350 715 52 1.35 0.35
218x52 62 510 810 54 1.7 0.47
400x125 75 330 275 61 0.78 0.26
174x45 90 640 680 58 1.75 0.52
320x38 115 1445 640 52 2.66 0.7
132x35 125 845 760 60 2.15 0.68
106x28 150 1070 880 60 2.7 0.81
89x24 175 1300 1000 60 3.15 0.96
89x22 200 1400 750 61 3 0.96
132x18 263 5815 530 57 4.45 1.31
132x17 319 2575 765 58 4.08 1.24

Rectangular or Off-Count Weave

This is also a kind of plain weave wire mesh. There are different numbers of metal wires in the warp and weft directions, thus forming a rectangular opening shape. Rectangular openings are usually used for sifting and sizing operations to increase the “pass” capacity of the product. Although there is a slight sacrifice in accuracy, it reduces the material cost and is particularly suitable for applications that do not require very high accuracy.

Five Heddle Weave

Each warp wire runs alternately up and down between a single weft and four weft wires. The pattern is staggered on successive warp wires, forming a parallel diagonal pattern. This weaving method allows for the use of wire thicker than other weaving methods for a specific mesh number. Its exclusive design supports improved drainage and flow features.

Stranded Weave

This is a twill weave style. The warp and weft are composed of a bundle or a group of smaller diameter wires, forming an exceptionally strong and tight mesh.

Pre-Crimped Woven Wire Mesh

The pre-crimped woven wire mesh is woven from the crimped steel wire. Crimping the warp and weft wires before weaving can provide better stability and consistency for the wire mesh with a larger mesh spaced.
This woven mesh generally adopts plain weave, which has better wear resistance, better vibration resistance, and stable opening size. Commonly used in large industrial and architectural applications.
Over the years, it has developed a variety of crimping styles to improve its manufacturing efficiency, functionality, and aesthetics.

Plain Crimp Weave

Lock Crimp Weave

Intercrimp Weave

Flat Top Crimp Weave